A Guide to People with Asperger's
Asperger’s Syndrome is best thought of as an autism spectrum disorder that is defined by severe problems in social interaction and repetitive and limited patterns of social conduct. It is distinguishable from other kinds of autism spectrum disorders by its relative retention of both cognitive and linguistic development. Symptoms frequently reported with Asperger’s Syndrome are an abnormal use of language along with physical clumsiness. While the precise cause of Asperger’s Syndrome is not known, it is believed that the cause is genetic in nature. Asperger’s Syndrome cannot be treated with one, single approach, and the so-called effectiveness of some treatments is supported only by limited bases. Dealing with those afflicted with Asperger’s Syndrome just necessitates an unconventional way of thinking instead of expecting that they start behaving like normal people all of a sudden.
Asperger’s Syndrome works on the brain in the form of impairments that come about from maturation-associated changes in the different systems of the brain. This disorder begins to work on the brain already in infancy or in childhood, which does not make it any different from other development disorders of a psychological nature. One possibility is that Asperger’s Syndrome is brought about by functional and structural differences in a person’s brain; the abnormal migration of embryonic cells is thought to be one cause of this Syndrome. There are other causes that are believed to be behind Asperger’s Syndrome. For example, teratogens (birth defect-causing agents) have been associated with Asperger’s Syndrome, as have environmental factors, though these have thus far not been supported by investigation.
Behaviors in School
Even before a child with Asperger’s Syndrome goes to school, its parents should be coordinating with the staff in the school to educate their child’s classmates on what to expect. Parents may even want to give written consent to have a school train their staff in interacting with a child with Asperger’s Syndrome. Parents can generally expect their child to behave in a way that fails to appropriately reciprocate the give-and-take in a social interaction. For instance, when a child with Asperger’s Syndrome is among his peers in school, she may well want to interact with her peers, but may instead withdraw from company. Similarly, anti-social behaviors like pushing other children when told not to may occur.
Behaviors with Friends and Family
While no two kids with Asperger’s Syndrome are alike, the Syndrome does possess some common symptoms.
Children with Asperger’s Syndrome are limited in their knowledge of the concept of friendship. They lack the understanding of body language and facial expressions including a lack of empathy. This can be dealt with through role-playing activities that illustrate various ways that friends interact.
Peer Pressure Issues
Children with Asperger’s Syndrome are not influenced by peer pressure, which can lead to some embarrassing or awkward situations. For example, they may only care about clothing that is comfortable, without concern for clothing that is popular among their peers. They may prefer awkward styles such as exclusively wearing shirts with no buttons down the front. This can be dealt with through social scripts that present them with visual information on how to behave in social situations where peer pressure is a factor.
As children with Asperger’s Syndrome mature into teenagers and adults, parents will note more maturation issues. Teenagers with Asperger’s Syndrome will struggle with ordinary social interactions.
People with Asperger’s Syndrome find it hard to express and communicate emotion. This is particularly true of the emotion of love. Because they have few, or any, friends with whom to discuss romantic relationships, they conceptualization of romantic relationships may come from unrealistic depictions on TV, which can lead to problems.
People with Asperger’s Syndrome have a hard time making friends. This is because they have a hard time reciprocating in a social interaction.
Finding a Job
Finding a job can be a challenge for people with Asperger’s Syndrome because of their problems dealing with the responsibilities of a job. For instance, they have a hard time interacting with co-workers and respecting the authority of bosses.
Living on their own
Living independently can be a problem for people with Asperger’s Syndrome since they suffer from feelings of social isolation due to their inability to know how to behave in a social situation. A solution can be for them to get a roommate.
Asperger’s Syndrome – An autism spectrum disorder characterized by severe issues in social interaction and behavior.
Autism – A disorder involving neural development, which is defined by problems with communication and having a social life.
Cognition – Pertaining to cognition, which is the procedure of thinking and being aware.
Disorder – A developmental disorder that interrupts or disrupts otherwise normal, childhood development.
Intense Obsession – An obsession focused solely on or two, narrow subjects, like basketball statistics or geology.
Insensitivity – The quality of not being able to read or be sympathetic to what others are feeling.
Unusual nonverbal communication – Nonverbal communication characterized by absence of eye contact or barely any facial expressions.
Self-absorption – The quality of being preoccupied with oneself, such as by engaging in long-winded and one-sided conversations without consideration to the other party.
Developmental Delays – Delays in common aspects of development, such as catching a ball or walking properly.
Monotone – The quality of speaking in a voice that is either abnormally rapid or quite rigid. This can be a symptom of a child with Asperger’s.
Having Asperger’s Syndrome is not the end of the world. Unlike terminal illnesses such as cancer, Asperger’s Syndrome is not life-threatening; it is just a different state of existence. Keeping this in mind, it is of utmost importance in realizing that people with Asperger’s Syndrome should not be pressured to be as normal as everyone else apparently is. Instead, so-called normal people should make an attempt to understand Asperger’s Syndrome and adjust their expectations.