Albert Einstein and the theory of Relativity
The Theory of Relativity is considered as one of the biggest scientific discoveries ever. The theory was postulated by Albert Einstein , a Jewish physicist, in the beginning of the 20th century. The revolutionary theory states that time and space are relative concepts, and not absolute concepts.
Albert Einstein was born in the German city of Ulm on the 14th of March, 1879. According to background check, his growing years were spent in Munich, where he also obtained his education. As a child, he was an average student who was not able to speak fluently up to the age of nine. However, he had a strong liking for science from a very young age. By the age of sixteen, Einstein had mastered calculus .
The Special Theory of Relativity was proposed by Einstein in 1905. The theory relates to time, motion of objects, and space. The special theory states that two bodies that are traveling at constant velocities relative to each other will experience identical laws of nature. It also states that speed of light will be the same for every observer. The famous equation E = mc2 from this theory predicts that a clock inside an extremely fast object will turn slower, and also, an object that is moving at a very high speed will be heavier and shorter than its stationary counterpart. Einstein showed that energy and mass are equivalent in his equation E=mc2 . Since then, several experiments have been conducted, and almost all of them have confirmed the claim of his prediction.
The General Theory of Relativity was proposed in the year 1915, and it is generally considered the modern theory of gravitation. It states that observers in any part of the universe, irrespective of their state of motion, will experience identical laws of physics. Additionally, the theory asserts that a strong gravitational force can pull even a ray of light. Therefore, one of the predictions of the General Theory of Relativity is that light rays that are very close to the sun will bend. Background checks show that this prediction was verified several times by scientists throughout the world. A solar eclipse is the ideal time to test this.
The ‘ Curved Space-Time Continuum ’ has also been derived from the Theory of Relativity. It is a way of depicting the effect of gravity on the dimensions of time and space. Diagrammatically, Space-Time Continuum can be represented by a two-dimensional surface, which is comprised of space and time, and on this surface, valleys and depressions are created by the gravitational force of massive stellar objects.
The Theory of Relativity has been monumental in the understanding of numerous phenomena of science, and it has been applied in the field of technology too. Black holes were predicted by this theory; so was the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMB), which disproved the validity of the ‘Steady-State Theory’ of the universe. Einstein received the Nobel Prize in 1921 for his outstanding work on relativity, blackbody radiation, and photoelectric effect .
In the history of science, Einstein is known as one of the handful of stalwarts who had revolutionized the world of science. The Theory of Relativity is one of his most well-known scientific works, and it has created a grand impact in the field of physics.