French and Indian War Resource Guide
The French and Indian War was waged from 1754 to 1763 and fighting occurred in the northeastern portion of the pre-revolution British colonies and in Canada. The participants in the conflict included Great Britain, France, Spain, the British colonies and several Indian tribes. Even though it is called the French and Indian War, it is also called the North American portion of the Seven Years War, which was conducted in Europe from 1756 to 1763.
The War stemmed from the disagreements between France and Britain over the expansion in North America. Both countries were beginning to realize the opportunities that expansion gave them with respect to the fur trade, which was becoming to be a lucrative business. Both France and England had established fur trading posts in the area west of the Ohio River from Canada to Mexico, and neither country would back down from the claims. Because of the disagreement, the two sides began fighting with the other for control of the territories.
· Cause and Effect: a look at the causes and ultimate effect of the war
· Causes of the War: information on the background of the events that caused the war
· Brief History: summary of the events surrounding the French and Indian War
Even though the disagreement was between France and Britain, several other nations were involved in the war. Siding with the French was Spain, New France (primarily what is now Canada) and the Indian First Nations. On the British side were the British Colonies (primarily what is now the United States) and the Iroquois Indian Confederacy.
· War Background: participants and information on the war
· Britain in the War: resource on the countries that participated in the war
· Armies of the War: information on the countries involved in the war
The French and Indian War say many battles fought in Canada, New York and into Pennsylvania. Although the French had early success in the war, the British began to turn the tide during the Siege of Louisbourg in 1758. The British won that battle in Nova Scotia, and began to win some of the major battles of the war including the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga, Battle of Fort Ligonier and the Battle of Signal Hill which was the last major battle of the war.
· Key Events and Battles: resources on important moments in the war
· Early Battles: information on early battles of the French and Indian War
· People Search: resource for finding ancestors who fought in the war
· Timeline: timeline of the war
The official end to the war was on February 10, 1763 when the Treaty of Paris was signed. With the Treaty, the British gained a substantial amount of land adjacent to the existing British Colonies. The British gained control of land stretching from Canada down to Florida, and all land east of the Mississippi River. As a settlement of the Treaty the French were given two small islands in the Caribbean and the Spanish were given Louisiana.
· Treaty of Paris: information on the treaty and results
· End of War: review of the results of the Treaty of Paris
· War Treaty: results of the Treaty of Paris and it’s after affects.
As a result of the war, the British government incurred a large amount of debt. The government chose to pay off the debt by raising taxes on the British Colonies. In addition, the colonists were restricted in exploring and settling the newly acquired land that previously belonged to France. Beginning in 1763 and continuing for the next dozen years, the colonials were becoming increasingly unhappy with British rule, which ultimately led to the American Revolution.
· War That Made America: resource from PBS about the results of the War
· War Results: results of the French and Indian War
· After war: impact of the results of the war on the Colonies
The French and Indian War was an important part of British, French and ultimately American history. With the events of the war leading to the ultimate dissatisfaction of the British Colonies in America, the war was a leading cause of the revolution and the United States ultimate elimination of British rule.