Generals of the American Civil War


Confederate Generals
Robert E Lee- General Robert E. Lee was a prime candidate at the US Military Academy. He served as the commander of the Confederate Army during the Civil War. He lost the Battle of Gettysburg and surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse on the April 9, 1865. He led the Confederates in successful battles such as the Seven Days, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville battles.

General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson- Jackson is probably the most well known Confederate General after Robert E. Lee. His success began with his Shenandoah Valley Campaign in 1862. The campaign succeeded in several minor battles and distracted the Union Army enough so that it did not reinforce its offensive troops at Richmond . He demonstrated his heroic leadership skills and innovative strategies at the First Battle of Bull Run (for which he received his nickname "Stonewall"), the Second Battle of Bull Run, Fredericksburg, and Antietam.

General J. E. B. Stuart- General J. E. B. Stuart paved the way for himself as a prestigious officer in the Initial Battle of Bull Run by showing his heroism. He bravely accomplished General Robert E. Lee’s orders to flank McClellan’s Army before the Seven Days Battle to deliver an essential message. He is known for his defenses during the Maryland campaign.

Nathan Bedford Forrest- His greatest achievement was the victory of the Battle of Brice's Crossroads in 1864. His battle of Fort Pillow led to investigations of war crimes against him.

General Albert Johnston- Albert Johnston was the highest ranking general to die in the war. He died in the Battle of Shilo.

General Braxton Bragg - General Braxton Bragg fought in the Shiloh, Perryville, Stones River, Chickamauga, Chattanoog, Second Battle of Fort Fisher, and the Battle of Bentonville.

General Lewis Armistead- General Lewis Armistead commanded brigades in the Seven Pines, Seven Day, Malvern Hill, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg battles.

General James Longstreet- The principle subordinate to General Robert Lee, known as the Old War Horse. He served in the Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Chickamauga, Seven Days Battles, and the Battle of Antietam until his injury in the Battle of the Wilderness.

General Joseph E. Johnston- General Joseph E. Johnston led the Peninsula Campaign in 1862 and stopped General McClellan’s advance in Richmond. He surrendered 89,270 soldiers at Bennett Place.

Colonel John Singleton Mosby- On March 1863 he captured three union officers at the Fairfax County Courthouse.

General John C. Breckenridge- Severed as a Kentucky senator, representative, and the 14th Vice President of the United States under James Buchanan. He defeated the Union at Battle of New Market. He became Confederate States Secretary of War in 1865.

General Richard Soddert Ewell- He won several battles against Generals John C. Frémont, Nathaniel P. Banks, and James Shields.

General Ronayne Cleburne-He ws know as Stonewall of the West for his ability to use the terrain to his advantage. He proposed that slaves be emancipated to help the Confederates in the war.

General John Hunt Morgan- Known for his Kentucky raids and serving under Major General Joseph Wheeler.

General Joseph Wheeler- General Joseph Wheeler was an Alabama State Democratic Representative.

Union Generals

General Phil Sheridan- General Phil Sheridan defeated Confederated soldiers in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864. He served as the General in Chief in the Overland Campaign .

General Ulysses S. Grant- General Ulysses S. Grant served for one year as the Commanding General of the Union Army from 1864-1865. He was the 18th President of the United States. Before serving as Commander General he captured Forts Henry and Donelson, the first major victories of the Union.

General William T. Sherman- He served in the Vicksburg and Atlanta Campaign that ended the Confederates strengthened position. General William T. Sherman caused the Confederates to surrender in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida in April 1865.

General George Armstrong Custer- General George Armstrong Custer captured 50 Confederate soldiers while serving under General George B. McClellan. He died in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1976, also known as Custard's Last stand.

General George McClellan- General George McClellan coordinated the Army of the Potomac and Peninsula Campaign. The Peninsula Campaign failed in 1862. He served as the general-in-chief of the Union Army for four months beginning in November 1861. In 1878 he was appointed as New Jersey’s Governor for three years.

George Henry Thomas- George Henry Thomas was essential commander in the area of the West Theater. In 1863 his defense techniques in the Battle of Chickamauga earned him the name Rock of Chickamauga. His victory against General John Bell Hood in the Battle of Nashville was one of the greatest victories of the Union.

General George Meade- He commanded the Overland, Richmond-Petersburg, and the Appomattox Campaign from 1864 to 1965.

General Winfield Hancock- He served as commander of the Battle of Gettysburg for three days in 1863. He sacrificed 87% percent of his regiment during Pickett’s Charge to allow time for the Union Army to coordinate its defensive attack.

General Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain- Known a Lion of the Round Top for his diligence in the Battle of Gettysburg. The General was scrutinized by his fellow comrades for having his men salute Confederate soldiers during the parade at Appomattox Court House.

Major General John Pope- Major General John Pope caused the surrender of the island garrison on April 7, 1862 on Island 10 of the Mississippi River. He was defeated in the Second Battle of Bull Run. If one were to run a people search on this general, endless information on his 44 years of service to the US Army would be found.