Technology Advancements During The Stone Age
Prior to the use of bronze and other metals, humans made the earliest tools from stone, bone and wood. The Stone Age began about 2.5 to 2 million years ago and marked the earliest period of human culture. It can be separated into 3 distinct periods – the Paleolithic, the Mesolithic, and the Neolithic. Each time period saw progress in technology that changed human culture.
The Paleolithic period is divided into three parts – Lower, Middle, and Upper. During this period the first stone tools emerged. They were simple stone hand axes, cleavers, and diggers. Later in the period there is evidence of mining. Spears, harpoons, and nets have also been found, which indicates that they found new ways to acquire food. They became more efficient hunters. Clothing was sewn with needles and bodies were adorned with jewelry.
This was the middle part of the Stone Age that began around 10,000 years ago and ended around 3,000 BC. Small bladed tools and weapons were created, along with the first bows and arrows. On the water, boats made their first appearance. Pottery was used for food storage and some animals were domesticated. Dogs were used for help in hunting. Scientists suspect that early pictographs from the Mesolithic period may indicate the earliest form of writing. In some areas, farming began during this transitional period, and humans no longer had to follow the herds to survive.
The Neolithic Revolution brought a wealth of technology that changed the nature of human settlements. Agriculture began in full force with irrigation and farm implements – chisels, hoes, ploughs, yokes, and reaping hooks. Looms allowed humans to make materials and the first silk appeared in China. Complex communities and the beginnings of modern human culture are seen during this time.