The Church of Scientology
The Church of Scientology evolved from the belief systems of Scientology, which was created by science fiction writer L. Ron Hubbard in 1952. To some, Scientology is a religion; to others it more closely resembles a cult. Hubbard himself described it as an applied religious philosophy.
The word Scientology means “the study of knowledge or truth”. The religion deals with the human spirit and its relation to the universe and its creator. Members of the Church of Scientology believe that an individual consists of three parts, the spirit, the mind, and the body, but the body is not considered the person. Spiritual enlightenment leads to understanding of oneself and others, as well as one’s relationship to the universe.
The Church of Scientology was founded in 1954 based on the teachings of L. Ron Hubbard. Scientologists founded the church, while Hubbard founded the subject. His book Dianetics claims to be able to help people discover what is holding them back from a happy life. Dianetics was originally intended to be a form of psychotherapy, not the foundation of a new religion.
Scientologists believe that man is an immortal being whose experiences stretch far beyond a single lifetime. The church promotes spiritual rehabilitation through “auditing”. Study materials are made available to members upon making specified donations.
Scientology considers belief in God to be personal, and doesn’t offer a specific dogma. The nature of a Supreme Being is revealed personally to each individual.
Many aspects of Scientology are controversial, including the following:
List of Famous Scientologists
Scientology is the only major religion to have been founded in the twentieth century. Hubbard has described his philosophies in over 5,000 writings, including many books and tape-recorded lectures. People who follow his teachings come from all walks of life, and the Church of Scientology now has been established on six continents.