Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great (336-323 BC) is regarded as one of the greatest military commanders who ever lived. He was the son of Philip II , and he eventually went on to become the king of Macedon, Greece. His unparalleled military achievements made him an inspirational figure to a number of Roman generals, including Caesar, Pompey, and Trajan. He was apparently undefeated in all his military campaigns, and he conquered several European territories, the Persian Empire, and parts of the Indian subcontinent.

The primary historical records of Alexander were written about five hundred years after his death. The works of the Greek authors Plutarch, and Arrian, as well as the Roman historians Curtius and Diodorus are the few surviving sources which provide an insight into the life and battles of Alexander the Great.

Alexander was tutored by the great Greek philosopher Aristotle. In 340 BC, he became a royal regent, and two years later, he took part in the Battle of Chaeronea. After his father was assassinated in 336 BC, he took over as the king of Macedon. In all of his battles, he was served by his loyal, courageous, and adroit Macedonian army. His soldiers were exceptionally good fighters, and his charisma and intelligence led the Macedonians to victory in all the battles they fought in. The major battles of Alexander included the Battle of the Persian Gate, Battle of the Granicus, Battle of Chaeronea, Siege of Halicarnassus, Battle of Gaugamela, Siege of Gaza, Siege of Tyre, Siege of Miletus, Battle of the Hydaspes, Battle of Issus, and the Siege of the Sogdian Rock.

The Battle of the Granicus River in 334 BC was fought between Alexander and the Persian Empire. The site of the battle was in n orthwest Asia Minor, which was very close to Troy. The Persians were eventually defeated by Alexander in this epic battle. The Battle of the Hydaspes River was another important battle which Alexander won. It was fought in 325 BC against Porus, an Indian king.

According to a background check, Alexander’s personality was closer to a general than a statesman. He was generally tolerant of different cultures, and he didn’t like to impose his culture on conquered kingdoms. Although several positive traits in Alexander’s personality have been attributed, some scholars have also emphasized the negative aspects of his character. Some people believe that the destruction of Thebes, Persepolis, and Gaza was the result of Alexander’s unwillingness to negotiate with the local governments . He was not a patient negotiator. It is also said that Alexander was not an admirer of Persian art or culture. He worshipped ancient Greek gods, and he could be considered a pagan. Interestingly, he wanted others to view him as the son of the Greek god Zeus.

Alexander was married to two women, who were Roxanne, the daughter of a Bactrian nobleman, and Stateira, the daughter of Persian king Darius III. Some historians are of the opinion that Alexander was a homosexual, and he had an intimate relationship with one of his lifelong companions, Hephaestion. It is believed that Alexander also had a close relationship with a Persian male eunuch named Bagoas.

Alexander’s short but illustrious life came to an end on the 11th of June, 323 BC. He died in the Nebuchadnezzar II palace in Babylon. The reason for his death is not certain; some believe that he might have died of malaria while others think that he was poisoned. His body was kept in a gold anthropoid sarcophagus, which was in turn placed in a gold casket. The tomb of Alexander had a vaulted roof, and it was lavishly decorated. In 200 AD, Emperor Septimius Severus forbade the public to view his tomb. It is not known what happened to his tomb afterwards.

Within two years of Alexander’s death, the great empire that was built by Alexander disintegrated, and therefore, the glorious achievements of the Macedonians drew to a close.