Holy Qur'an Resources

The Qur’an (also transliterated Koran) is the foundational holy book of the Islamic faith. Its text is said to have been revealed to the Muslim prophet Mohammed by God (Allah) through an angel over a period of twenty years. The Qur'an forms the basis of Islamic living, and was completed in 632 AD, the year of Mohammed’s death. Islam is an Arabic word meaning “submission” – so the Qur’an presents information on the path of right submission to the will of Allah. The Internet links below offer the best resources online for learning more about the Qur’an, its history, its translations, and commentaries written about it.


Unique Characteristics of the Holy Qur'an

The Holy Qur’an: An overview of the Qur’an, its wording and contents.

Understanding the Uniqueness of the Qur’an: A detailed study on the analysis of the Qur’an and its history, supporting the idea that the Qur’an is unique among religious texts.

The Essence of Qur’an: Discussion of the Qur’an, its inception and history, and the basis for a symbiotic interplay of faith and reason grounded in the Qur’anic text.

The Characteristics of the Qur’an: A brief overview of twenty specific attributes of the Qur’an attested to in its pages.

Unique Characteristics of the Qur’an: A large selection of informative articles covering topics including the unique characteristics of the Qur’an, man’s relationship with the Qur’an, the principles of Qur’an commentary, and more.

Allah’s Qur’an: Discussion of the themes, revelations, and miraculous characteristics of the Qur’an.

Authority of the Qur’an: A series of articles on the authority of the Qur’an and several other aspects of reading and understanding the Qur’an focused on its unique attributes.

Translation Work on The Holy Qur'an

Introduction to the English Translation of the Qur’an: An introduction to one English translation of the Qur’an, offering detailed information on its names, history, divisions, and other textual elements.

Qur’an Recitation and Translation Online: Includes fully search-able translation along with readings, commentary, and much more content related to the translated text, with extensive audio available.

Milestones in the History of Qur’an Translation: Scholarly article discussing the history of Qur’anic translation from the Arabic.

Koran Translations: Precise or Poetic?: Article discussing methods and styles of translating the Qur’an, focusing on recent German translations. Site also includes articles and discourse on the translation of the Qur’an into Gaelic and other languages.

Assessing English Translations of the Qur’an: A scholarly comparison of numerous Qur’an translations into English, from the journal The Middle East Quarterly.

The Holy Qur’an e-Text: A full, downloadable English translation of the Qur’an made available from the Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia Library.

The Holy Qur’an: Multiple translations including English, Urdu, French, Dutch, Spanish. Also includes a variety of other literature supporting a thorough understanding of the Qur’an.

Qur’anic Quotations in the Kitáb-i-Íqán: An analysis of Qur’anic quotations used throughout the Book of Certitude, one of the holy texts of the Bahai faith.


Commentaries on The Holy Qur'an

Studying Islam: Extensive resource site offering commentaries, quotations, articles, links, and a forum for students of Islam and the Qur’an.

On the Holy Qur’an and its Interpretation: An article discussing the intricacies and challenges involved in interpreting and translating the Qur’an.

Qur’anic Interpretations: Extensive resource page offering articles and links on tafsir (Qur’anic interpretation) and various other topics including the compilation and history of the Qur’an.

Principles of Tafsir of the Qur’an: Detailed inquiry into the types of tafsir, their attributes, their differences, and an index of further sources on Qur’anic interpretations both ancient and modern.

Tafseer Al-Mizan: An in-depth exegesis of the Qur’an by the celebrated Shia Muslim scholar Allamah Muhammad Hussain Tabatabai, available entirely online.

Altafsir: A vast collection of Qur’anic commentary and informative resources on the science of Qur’anic exegesis.

Commentaries of the Holy Qur’an: Downloadable commentaries and translations of the Qur’an available in English and Urdu.


From The Holy Qur'an

The Characteristics of Fitrah: Analysis and Qur’anic quotations relating to the quality of fitrah, the belief that knowledge and recognition of Allah’s divinity is inborn in each person by their nature.

The Qur’an on the Hereafter: Information and Qur’anic quotations pertaining to the afterlife.

Quotations from the Holy Qur’an: A collection of quotations from the Qur’an on various subjects of importance to the faithful.

Selected Quotations from the Holy Qur’an: Another selection of Qur’anic quotations by subject matter, from the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance.

Quotations on the Five Pillars of Islam: Quotations pertaining to the Five Pillars of Islam, duties undertaken by members of the Islamic faith.

Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project: A huge amount of informational resources and articles clarifying Islamic beliefs, including Qur’anic quotations on a number of subjects as well as a variety of other source documents and further reading.


Torah, Bible, and The Holy Qur'an

A Topical Study of the Qur’an From a Christian Perspective: An extensive “reference guide” to the Qur’an, broken down by subject matter. Offers comparisons between the Qur’an and Bible.

A Christian Approach to Islam: Information with a thoroughly historical perspective, discussing the origins, history, and practices of Islam with reference to the Qur’an and Bible. Similar articles are freely available on the same site.

Comparison of the Bible and Qur’an: Item-by-item comparison of cited teachings from the Qur’an compared to those of the Bible.

The Qur’an as a Jewish Book: Comparisons between the Qur’an and Jewish holy writ on a number of subjects.

Qur’an, Bible, Torah Comparison: Thematic comparison of these three sacred texts on a number of important points of faith.

Qur’an, Torah, Psalms, Gospels: Comparative analysis of these fundamental texts using the works of a variety of contemporary authors.

Torah and the Koran: Brief scholarly article comparing various stylistic aspects of these two texts. Includes further reading.

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: Extremely far-ranging three-way comparisons covering dozens of subjects in a historical context.

The Islamic and Christian Views of Jesus: A Comparison: Discussing the nature and character of Jesus as revealed in the Bible and Qur’an, in an accessible, question-and-answer format.

Jesus, Moses, and Mohammed: A discussion of the importance of Jesus and Moses as prophets in the Islamic faith.

The Holy Qur'an and Arabic

Arabic Writing and Calligraphy: A simple, illustrated introduction to the art of Arabic calligraphy and its use in the Qur’an.

Resources for the Study of the Qur’an: Index of links including sites for Arabic text of the Qur’an, Arabic calligraphy, Arabic inscriptions in architecture and other subjects pertaining to Islamic scriptures and the Arabic language.

Early Qur’ans from the British Library: Collection of early Qur’an manuscripts from the collection of the British Library, including extensive illustrations and information on history, preservation, provenance, and the linguistic and decorative conventions of the individual texts.

The Qur’an in Manuscript and Print: Information on early oral transmission and early writing of the Qur’an throughout the Arab world, focusing on important early manuscripts known by archeology. From An Introduction to the Sciences of the Qur’an, which is available in its entirety from the same site.