Information On Female Genital Mutilation

Female genital mutilation, also known as FGM, is a procedure that removes part or all of a woman’s external genitalia. It can also involve injury to other female genital organs that are not medically necessary. Many cultures do not use a qualified doctor for the procedure, and instead find people to do the surgery who may unintentionally cause more suffering to the woman.

In FGM societies, girls cannot be considered an adult until this procedure is performed. Many cultures will not allow a woman to marry unless they have had this done, as well. FGM is known as a culture identity practice, and the kind of procedure performed will depend on a few variables. In these societies, it is the belief that if the procedure is not done, than the demise of the culture is imminent.

There are many reasons that FGM is performed. FGM is done to reduce female sexuality and as an initiation from a child into a woman. While many believe this is done for religious reasons, that is untrue. Often fraudulent medical reasons are also cited as the reason for the procedure much like male circumcision. Some cultures believe that the female genitalia are dirty, therefore the procedure will make them clean. It is also believed by many that it can enhance fertility in the woman and help the child survive.

· AA Policy Types of FGM

· Medsci What medical students should know about FGM

· Irinnews Report on the subject

While many areas practice this procedure, third-world countries such as Ethiopia and Africa are two of the main countries to do so. FGM is done on children as young as four and typically up to about 14. However, some countries, such as Ethiopia, allow it to be done on infants who are under one year old.

· Religious Tolerance How it is justified in the Muslim population

· Guttmacher Opposing views of the subject

· National Geographic Report on FGM

FGM has long been internationally recognized as being an unnecessary procedure that violates the human rights of women. It is a direct example of the worst form of discrimination towards women and children, as well as a violation of children who have no say in the practice. FGM does not have any health benefits for those who undergo it. The removal of the normal genital tissue can interfere with the way the body functions. It can also lead to severe bleeding and problems with urination. These complications can be immediate, and also include terrible pain, open sores in the area, and bacterial infections. Later, there may be complications during childbirth and may even cause newborn deaths. Women may also suffer from cysts, urinary tract infections, bladder infections and infertility. There are also reports that HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, can be transmitted through various means because of this procedure.

· Cirp Risk of AIDS through FGM

· BBC Birth risks

It is estimated that around 140 million women have had this procedure done throughout the world. About 3 million females are at a risk of having FGM done to them every year. Many organizations against FGM are striving to increase public awareness of the problem so as to lessen the number of women it happens to, and to hopefully eradicate it altogether.

· WHO info and international response-Against

· UNICEF Child protection

· Amnesty Information and how to help

· Unaids Organization against FGM

The practice of FGM is not medically necessary and can cause many problems. Background checks for doctors who may advocate this practice is essential in countries where FGM is a regular occurrence. Human rights activists around the world have made it their priority to stop this cruel practice altogether.