Meanings of Surnames


Surname meanings refer to the literal meaning of a last name or the origins of that name. Several examples follow on the definitions of last names and surnames.

Adams - comes from Hebrew; means red, earthy, or man. Other related names include Adies and Adamson.

Babcock - thought to come from an abbreviation of Bartholomew; little or small cock (rooster).

Cabel - French or Celtic origins; related to Cabeau.

Dabney - named after a small municipality in Normandy; believed to be a derivation of D’Aubinge.

Eastwick - old English origins; belonging to the East Place or town of Eastwick.

Fullerton - named after a town where cloth is made.

Gaskell - Gaelic origins, meaning valorous.

Hadley - English origins; related to the town of Suffolk or Essex and also means wood or field.

Ingham - named after a town that sits on lower ground such as a pasture.

Jackson - English origins; means the son of John or Jack.

Kendrick - old English origins; related to the Saxon word Kenrick, which means someone rich in learning.

Langton - means a long and oval shaped town or hill.

Moriarty - Gaelic origins; meaning exalted or noble.

Newton - English origins; literally meaning a new town.

O‘ Boyle - English interpretation of O’ Baoighill; named after a fort in Ireland.

Palmer - English origins; meaning a pilgrim.

Quigley - Gaelic origins; meaning a cheap person or a hard rock; unbreakable.

Reynolds - Saxon roots; meaning strong love or a hold over a person.

Saxon - named after the Sexton officer of a church, or the town of Saxon.

Trotter - French roots; meaning a person always moving.

Underwood - English roots; meaning something found under a piece of wood.

Vine - French origins; common in wine producing regions.

Wadsworth - English origins; derived from Woodsworth and meaning a farm.

Yarrow - derived from the plant of the same name.

Zimmerman - German origins; meaning a carpenter.

More information on surname meanings can be found at Ancestry Surnames, Last Name Meanings, Behind the Name, Glossary of Last Name Meanings and Origins, and The Internet Surname Database.

To find the meanings of specific surnames relating to an area, check out German Surnames, Chinese Surnames, Irish Names, Common Surnames of Ireland, English Surname Meanings, and Polish Surname Origins.

Other helpful sites on surnames and the meanings of last names can be found at Surnames, History of Surnames, Family Name History, Surname Books, Surname Sites Directory, Last Name Origins, Origins and Meanings of Names, and Surnames Guide.