Obesity in the US

Obesity is known as a medical condition that defined by excessive fat, which has accumulated to where it might have a deleterious effect on one’s personal health. Body Mass Index (which is an index that compares height and weight) says that one is obese if his or her BMI is above 30 kilograms per square meter. Obesity is a real hefty issue in the US. In the past few years, obesity has noticeably increased in the country, even among children. Because of how many Americans it affects, obesity has gotten to the point where it has reached epidemic levels.

Obesity can be traced back to numerous causes, each one different and distinct from another. Many cases of obesity can be accounted for by taking into consideration an individual’s lack of physical exercise along with his extreme intake of food. However, a lot of other factors can cause obesity in people. Obesity can be blamed in an individual having a sedentary lifestyle, a medical or even a psychiatric illness, genetics, infections agents and even social determinants.

A sedentary lifestyle is defined as a lifestyle where a person has no or just inconsistent physical activity. This is particularly problematic because of the change in the workplace to types of jobs that demand a lot less in terms of physical activity than what was once the case. Sometimes, people are just unlucky in that they cannot help becoming obese if their genes are already predisposed to such a medical condition. Though genetics can be blamed for obesity to a certain extent, the percentage of cases of obesity being caused by genetics is only between 6 and 85 percent. Other times, medical conditions like Cushing’s Syndrome and growth hormone deficiency can cause obesity because, in part, of the drugs that are used to treat such medical conditions. Even psychiatric illnesses like eating disorders (for instance, night eating syndrome or binge eating disorder) can also be behind an onset of obesity.

Obesity has increased as a problem both in size and scope in recent years in the U.S. This can be verified by looking at the statistics of obesity in the U.S., which do not paint a calming picture of the condition in the country. A huge number of preventable deaths (between 111,909 and 365,000) are caused by obesity each and every year in the U.S. alone. Furthermore, the average life expectancy of a person is lowered, on average, by about six or seven years due to obesity. Obesity in the U.S. is among the worst in the whole world, even though many other countries on the planet have also seen their own share of increases in obesity rates. Between the years of 1986 and 2000 alone, the rate of obesity in the U.S. had gone up by a rate of four times from 0.5 percent of the population in 1986 to 2 percent of the population in 2000.

Normally, obesity has been common in mainly adults, but this has been changed around in the last couple of decades in the U.S. As it stands today between 15 and 25 percent of American kids suffer from obesity. Being obese already from childhood has gloomy prospects later on, because kids who are obese as children are highly probable to stay obese in adulthood and get obesity-related illnesses. Mississippi is home to the greatest percentage of obese people in the U.S., with more than 34 percent of all adults in the state being rated as obese.

While there are options for obese that include physical exercise as well as dieting, surgery is also becoming an increasingly popular option. Bariatric surgery has been established as the most effective surgery option for obese individuals. Surgery is mostly recommended for those who are enduring severe obesity, as in severe obesity, it is problematic if not all out impossible for a person to pursue the conventional solutions of increased physical exercise and dieting. After surgery, a severely obese person normally experiences overall mortality rates that are decreased and weight loss that is sustained over a long-term period of time.

The options for reducing the effects of obesity and losing weight can also depend on non-surgical possibilities. Physical exercise and dieting is most commonly the combined regimen suggested by physicians who see and treat patients who have to endure obesity. However, unless a person continually makes exercise as well as healthier eating choices a permanent part of his or her lifestyle, it will be difficult if not impossible to sustain weight loss and improvement from obesity. Sometimes, medication like Xenical has also been used as a means of losing weight and helping an obese person.

Obesity is a huge epidemic in the U.S., which is worrisome when considering that two of the biggest and worst consequences of obesity are disease and death. A few examples of the diseases that obese people face are cardiovascular disease, obstructive sleep apnea, diabetes mellitus type 2, osteoarthritis and kinds of cancer. Because of all these diseases that are possible consequences of obesity, obesity has been found to lower one’s life expectancy. Obesity has been found to reduce a person's life expectancy by as much as six to seven years.

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