The Life of U.S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant was a military hero and General in Chief of the Union Army in the Civil War and also served as the 18th President of the United States. Grant was also a champion for civil rights for African Americans.

Grant was born as Hiram Ulysses Grant on April 27, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio. Grant knew his future lie in the military, and entered the United States Military Academy under the name Ulysses S. Grant at the age of 17. Three years after graduating from West Point, Grant was a Lieutenant in the Mexican-American War. Grant stayed in the Army until he left in 1854. Upon leaving the military Grant tried his hand at many different professions including county engineer, real estate agent and labor. However, he did not do well in any of these jobs and when the Civil War broke out he decided to lend his help to the Union Army.

In 1861, President Lincoln appointed Grant as Brigadier General of volunteers. Under Grant’s command, the Union Army scored the first victories of the war at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in Tennessee. However, during the Battle of Shiloh, his troops were surprised by the Confederate troops, and while the Union Army emerged victorious, they sustained heavy losses.

The difficulties at Shiloh led to concerns about his leadership. However, Grant re-established the faith that Lincoln had in him by scoring a solid victory at Vicksburg in 1863. In 1864 Lincoln named Grant Lieutenant General and General in Chief of the Union Army, as recognition for his outstanding work in the War. In 1865 Grant outlined a strategy to put an end to the War and led the Army on a path to victory. In 1865, Grant was in charge at Appomattox Court House and accepted the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee.

On March 4, 1869, Ulysses S. Grant took office as the 19th President of the United States. His standing as a war hero helped get him elected easily. Grant remained President through two terms in office and his administration led the reconstruction of the country following the war. Despite the country starting to reorganize, Grant’s administration was marred by claims of corruption.

When Grant left office in 1877 and set out on a world tour to give speeches and talk about his experiences. In 1880, he ran for another term as President, but was not successful. Unfortunately, due to several bad investments and decisions, Grant was left with a large amount of expenses, which he was unable to pay and needed to file for bankruptcy.

In 1884, Grant was diagnosed with Throat Cancer. At that time he agreed to write his memoirs. His writings turned out to be very popular and sold over 300,000 copies. Grant finished his memoirs just days before his death on July 23, 1885 on Mount McGregor near Saratoga, New York.

Grant left a legacy as an outstanding military leader and one of the finest commanders in United States military history. He led the country as President during a very difficult period, when the north and south were starting to rebuild after the war and the country was trying to heal wounds. Grant also became an advocate for the former slaves and pushed towards equal rights for African Americans.

·       White House Biography of Grant

·       Ulysses S Grant Homepage

·       American President: Ulysses S. Grant

·       American Experience: U.S. Grant

·       Grant National Historic Site

·       Facts About Ulysses S Grant

·       Grant Presidency

·       Military Biography

·       Grant’s Military Career

·       U.S. Grant: Hero of the Civil War

·       Grant and the Civil War

·       Collection of Grant Materials

·       Grant Resources

·        Background Check

·       Works by U.S. Grant

·       Grant: Civil Rights Champion

·       U.S. Grant Memoirs and Letters

·       Writings of U.S. Grant

·       Ulysses S. Grant Association