USA Aircraft in WWI


USA Aircraft in WWI

The World War I began in 1914 and ended in November 1918. During WW I, planes were typically armed with machine guns and other artillery. Bomber planes were also used during this time period. There were approximate 70 different types of planes used during the war, including the Aviatik D.l, 5 different types of Junkers, Fokker E.L, Martinsyde G.100, and the Curtiss.

Bomber Aircraft

Bomber aircrafts target and attack both ground and sea by dropping bombs. The early bomb weighed 6 kilograms. Bombers were divided into two categories: Strategic Bombers and Tactical Bombers. Strategic bombers were designed to operate at long-range. Avro Lancaster, B-17 Flying Fortress, B-24 Liberator, and General Dynamics F-111. are some of the examples of strategic bombers. Tactical bombers operated at a shorter range, along with troops on the ground. Examples of these planes include the Junkers Ju 87, A-10 Thunderbolt II etc.

Fighter Aircrafts

Fighter aircrafts are designed mainly for in-air conflict. The main advantages of fighter aircrafts include its small size and speed. It is used to carry a machine gun, its operator and pilot, it was very compact. Examples of fighter aircrafts include P-47 Thunderbolt, F-111, F-14 Tomcat, F-22 Raptor and F-15 Eagle.

Ground-attack aircraft

Ground attack aircrafts, as the name suggests, are designed to attack closer to the ground. Between the first and second word wars, the United States used these aircrafts in the Banana Wars. In the US military services, ground-attack aircraft have been identified by the prefix “A” like "A-6". Examples of ground attack aircraft include American A-10 Thunderbolt II and the Russian Sukhoi Su-25 Frog foot.

Surveillance Aircrafts

Surveillance Aircrafts are used to monitor enemy activities. Their major activity was to scout and was used for traffic monitoring and various surveys. Rumpler Taube was the first aircraft used for surveillance.

Tanker Aircrafts

This type of aircraft carried fuel and was equipped to refuel other aircrafts in-flight. The process of carrying fuel is known as aerial refueling. Tanker aircrafts allowed other aircrafts to complete longer missions in areas where they could not land and refuel. Probe and drogue are the two main refueling systems used.

Transport Aircrafts

Transport aircrafts included airliners, cargo aircraft, mail planes, and military transport aircraft. Airliners were large aircrafts generally used for transporting passengers and cargos. Cargo aircrafts, also known as freight aircrafts, were designed for the transportation of goods and supplies. Military transport aircrafts were used to deliver troops and weapons to the area of military operations.

Tutor Aircrafts

Tutor aircrafts were two-seater aircrafts that were used to train pilots. For example, the Avro 621 Tutor was manufactured by A.V Roe and designed by Roy Chadwick and used in the British Royal Air Force. The Royal Navy and Egyptian Air Force also used this training aircraft.